Prince Vasily Mikhailovich Dolgorukov (1722-1782) — General-in-chief (1762), Moscow commander-in-chief (1780-1782). Russian Russian Army During the Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774), he commanded the Russian Army that conquered the Crimea; in memory of this, he received the victorious title "Crimean".
On June 14 (25), 1771, Russian troops led by Prince Vasily Dolgorukov defeated the 70,000-strong army of Khan Selim III Giray and captured Perekop. On June 29 (July 10), at Kef (now Feodosia), the Russian army defeated the 90-thousandth army assembled by the khan, which forced the surrender of the cities of Arabat, Kerch, Yen-Kale, Balaklava and Taman and occupied the Crimea. Prince Dolgorukov thus forced the Crimean Khan Selim to flee to Istanbul and erected a supporter of Russia, Khan Sahib II Giray, in his place. The new khan signed the Karasubazar Treaty with Dolgorukov, which proclaimed the Crimean Khanate an independent state from the Ottoman Empire, consisting under the patronage of Russia.
In honor of the conquest of the peninsula, Empress Catherine the Great on July 29, 1771, awarded the Order of St. George of the First Class to the General-in-Chief Prince Vasily Mikhailovich Dolgorukov. Later, on the day of the solemn celebration of peace with Turkey, July 21, 1775, Dolgorukov received from the Empress a sword with diamonds, diamonds for the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called and the title "Crimean". In 1842, the Dolgorukovsky Obelisk was erected in Simferopol in honor of the victory of the Russian army under the command of V. M. Dolgorukov over the Turkish troops.
The postage stamp depicts a portrait of V. M. Dolgorukov against the background of the Perekop Fortress.
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