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On May 25, four postage stamps dedicated to wood carving were put into postal circulation in the
Decorative and Applied Arts of Russia
Wood carving is one of the types of decorative and applied arts, an ancient folk craft.
In Russia, woodcarving was referred to as carving craft, and the drawing was called
. Other names were fretwork or patternwork. At the end of the 15th century, monk Amvrosy of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra combined Oriental, Western and traditional Russian ornaments in his works, and produced a great influence on the development of carving in the 15th and the 16th centuries. In the second half of the 17th century, German figured carving with Gothic motifs appeared in Russia.
Abramtsevo-Kudrino wood carving originated in the Abramtsevo estate near Moscow, in the village of Kudrino; its creator is considered to be Vasily Vornoskov. The carving is distinguished by a peculiar "curly" ornament: twisting garlands of petals and flowers. Of frequent use are similar characteristic images of birds and animals.
The most complex type of wood carving is sculptural. It requires the carver to have a three-dimensional vision of a figure, a sense of perspective and maintaining proportions. Its separate subtype is Bogorodskoe carving. Its center is the village of Bogorodskoe in the Sergiev Posad District of the Moscow Region.
Wood carving in the
style was created by Shamil Sasykov in 1990 and patented as his own unique invention. Today,
is a well-known brand that combines unique author's technique
, a training procedure, professional tools for woodcarving, the sole woodcarving school in the world, and a museum with a collection of exhibits.
The chief place of origin of the
, or the Arkhangelsk Bird of Happiness, is considered the Arkhangelsk Province. In the 19th century, a wood chip bird suspended to the ceiling was an indispensable attribute of a Pomor home. Manufacture of a wooden
bird of happiness
was mastered by craftsmen in many regions of Russia. Nowadays, the bird of wood chips has become a souvenir and is hung in the house as a protective amulet, a keeper of hearth and well-being.
The postage stamps feature articles made with different wood carving techniques: Bogorodskoe carving, Abramtsevo-Kudrino carving, Northern carving and
In addition to the issue of the postage stamps, JSC
First Day Covers
and special cancels for
, as well as
with a block of four, a label and a First Day Cover with a cancel for Arkhangelsk, and the
second emission type
with the use of bronze paste and embossing.
Design Artist: Kh. Betredinova.
Face value: 30 rubles.
Stamp size: 37×37 mm, sheet size: 103×103 mm.
Emission form: a block of four.
Quantity: 40 thousand (the first emission type); 4.2 thousand (the second emission type*).
*To be on sale as part of an illustrated cover.