Nikolai Danilevsky (1822-1885) was a naturalist, economist, ethnologist, philosopher, historian of the Russian Empire, ideologist of Pan-Slavism and the Slavophilic movement.
Nikolai Danilevsky was born on December 4 (16), 1822, in the village of Oberets of the Livny Uyezd to the family of a general. After having finished his studies at a private boarding school in Moscow, he was admitted to the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, after which from 1843 to 1847, he was a non-matriculated student at the Natural Sciences Faculty of the St. Petersburg University. At the University, Danilevsky met N. Strakhov, who became his friend, admirer, defender of his teachings and the publisher of his book Russia and Europe.
Since 1853, Danilevsky was repeatedly directed by the Russian government for expeditions to study the state of fish stocking and fishery in the Lower Volga, the Caspian Sea, and later on, in the White Sea and Northern Russia. A total of 9 expeditions were made, which resulted in a study of all the waters of European Russia. In addition to his work in the field of fisheries and seal hunting, he was the Head of the commission that established the rules for the use of flow water in the Crimea (1872-1879); besides, he administered the Nikitsky Botanical Garden (1879-1880).
The fundamental work by Nikolai Danilevsky was his book Russia and Europe, published in 1869-1871 in the Zarya (Sunrise) journal. Danilevsky had been working on the book for four years since 1864. It is in this book that Danilevsky sets forth his concept of the existence of eleven cultural-historical types, expresses his opinion on the commonality of the historical process and, finally, touches upon the subject of Slavophilism and Westernism.
For his activities, Danilevsky was awarded the Gold Medal of the Russian Geographical Society, became a member of the Council of the Ministry of State Properties, where he actively participated in the development of laws to regulate the state of the fish wealth in the country.
The main illustration shows a portrait of Nikolai Danilevsky, his papers against the map of territories under study and the logo of the Russian Geographical Society; the commemorative stamp features symbolic images of geographical projects.
In addition to the issue of the postcard with a commemorative stamp, JSC Marka produced special cancels for Moscow, Orel, Penza and Yalta of the Republic of Crimea.
Design Artist: V. Seliverstov; Design: Kh. Betredinova
Quantity: 6.5 thousand cards.