The Physicotechnical Institute conducts its history from the department of the same name of the State X-ray and Radiological Institute (GRRI), established in September 1918 on the initiative of professors A.F. Ioffe and M.I. Nemenova. Abram Fedorovich Ioffe was elected the first director of the GRRI and at the same time headed the physics and technology department. In 1921, the department separated into an independent institution. Up to 1950, A.F. remained the director of this institute. Ioffe
The Institute is rightfully considered the cradle of Russian physics, and the future Nobel laureates of N.N. Semenov, LD Landau, P.L. Kapitsa, worked world-renowned scientists - A.P. Alexandrov, E.F. Gross, Ya.B. Zeldovich, I.V. Kurchatov, I.E. Tamm, I.I. Frenkel and many others.
World renown brought institute work in the field of solid state physics, semiconductors, quantum electronics, astrophysics, plasma physics, physical gas dynamics. The work of the institute's staff in interplanetary physics and cosmology, controlled thermonuclear fusion, and the motion of bodies in the atmospheres of the Earth and other planets are well known to specialists.
More than a hundred employees of the institute were awarded the highest national scientific awards, including the Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR, the State Prizes of the Russian Federation, the Prizes of the Government of the USSR and the Russian Federation, nominal medals and prizes of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Physical-Technical Institute named after A.F. Ioffe is one of the largest scientific centers of Russia, in which both fundamental and applied research is carried out on a wide front in the most important fields of modern physics and technology.
The postage stamp depicts the bust of A.F. Ioffe works by sculptor GD Glikman and the building of the Physicotechnical Institute A.F. Ioffe Academy of Sciences.
In addition to the issue of a postage stamp of JSC "Mark", the first day envelopes were issued and the first day stamps were made for Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Designer: S. Kapranov.
Denomination: 32 r.
The size of the stamp: 58 × 26 mm, the size of the sheet: 132 × 120 mm.
Release form: sheet of 8 (2 × 4) marks.
Circulation: 168 thousand marks (21 thousand sheets).